Rosalie Kim and Dasom Sung. The Byeolseo Garden: A Retreat in the Natural Landscape of Korea
A wide variety of historical gardens can be observed in Korea, ranging from intimate domestic courtyards to lavish palatial parks and the sacred grounds of Buddhist temples. The earliest records of Korean gardens date back to the Three Kingdoms period (57 BCE- 668 CE). However, this chronicle predominantly focuses on the palace gardens, little mention is made of of others, such as the byeolseo garden. This article focus on the modest and discreet byeolseo garden enjoyed by the members of the upper class from the mid- to late Joseon dynasty (1392-1910). It will also make comparison with the English landscape garden of the 17th and 18th centuries, which involved similar purposes and composition strategies, despite the geographical and chronological disparities.