Stephen Addiss. Forgotten Masters: Japanese Literati Painters in the Meiji Flux
To the delight of some and the consternation of others, Japan opened to the West with the beginning of the Meiji period (1868–1912). Almost every field was affected. In painting, there grew an increasingly wide chasm between those who continued to practise traditional Japanese artistic styles and those who preferred what they were learning from the West. This fundamental divide, which also occurred in literature and music, has remained a dominant theme in Japanese aesthetics over the last 150 years.